RE: Muscle Hypertrophy - Causes, Prevention, Remedy?
To dance teachers, practitioners, dance physiotherapists, and other related specialists: I would be extremely interested to hear your opinions on the following concerning muscle hypertrophy and dance:
A) Do you believe that it is possible for a ballet dancer to develop muscle hypertrophy of the muscles of the calf if, during a training period of over 15 years or more, they repeatedly use the calf muscles as oppose to the intrinsic foot muscles in instigating and maintaining plantar flexion? (NB: In this instance I wonder if 'plantar flexion' may not be the word I am looking for, as I believe it may only refer to the action of the ankle, and not the additional lengthening of the toes - do please draw my attention to the correct anatomical term of this is indeed the case).
B) Do you believe that muscles hypertrophy or 'bulky muscles' (which are so undesirable as an aesthetic for ballet dancers), are able to be avoided by either stretching, nutrition, or any other means, or do you believe muscular size/development is simply a matter of the predetermined factors of genetics and body composition /physique, combined with the individuals response to classical training?
C) If you believe the latter (above) that muscular bulk is unavoidable for some individuals whilst training, do you believe this may be reversed by any body conditioning exercises, stretching, change of nutrition (or any other means), after the individual eases training and/or entirely abandons classical dance?
D) In your experience, you you find that dancers who have very long and/or very spaced-out toes find it more difficult to correctly use the intrinsic muscles of the feet for plantar flexion? Secondly, if this could cause dancers with this type of feet to be more prone to 'scrunching' the toes?
E) Do you tend to associate individuals who have hypermobility with flat feet and collapsible arches, or with unusually high arches and good foot articulation?
Looking forward to hearing from you all!
[NB: In this context, I use the word ‘research’ strictly in referring to my own personal acquisition of knowledge i.e. not associated with any particular organisation or body, and not for the purposes of market research or financial gain. I add this disclaimer solely as some previous posts have been misconstrued, and I wish to avoid future misunderstandings. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me.]